Epidemiology

Category: Health

Epidemiology is the study of the trend, causes and the impacts of health and disease conditions in a distinct p opulation. It deals with the study of what affects people within a given   geographical area. Epidemiology is one of the pillars of public health that shapes decision making policies based on the evidence that exist within a given locality. The decisions made are based on the risk elements when determining the expected and explicit preventive mechanism in the healthcare sector. 

Impact of Epidemiology on the Health Professions

Despite epidemiology having side effects within a given population, it has impacted much on the health profession. One, Epidemiologists has brought more gain in experience to the health professions. They can now study the patterns, collections and statistically analyze data. Data analysis helps in the interpretation and distribution of results within peer and systematic review. Secondly, Epidemiology has led to the development of methodology in the biological science used in public health studies, basic research and clinical research.

Clinical Trial

Clinical trial is a case where individuals offer to test new devices or drugs. Medical practitioners use clinical trials to explore whether a new treatment functions and whether it is safe for human use. The nature of such studies is much needed to enable the development of new treatments for terminal, curable or preventable disease like Cancer. In general, clinical trial is used in the evaluation of a new treatment. An example of a well-known Clinical trial is at Yale Cancer Center. Since cancer has become a very common chronic disease worldwide, Yale Cancer Center is very much at the disposal of the patients who seek advanced treatments. The center is known to have technical experts in their laboratories who deal with animal studies. Before a new method of treatment in release to the patients, a lot of research must have been done. This thorough research is to ensure that the drug is not harmful to the patient’s life.

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How Clinical Trial Can Be Used To Educate a Patient

First and foremost, a patient need to know all that pertains to clinical trial before making a decision to undergo one. For a patient to be informed, awareness campaign must be carried out. Medical practitioners should be at a position to ensure that whatever they tell a patient is positive. Medical practitioners also should convince a patient towards clinical trial by answering the following doubts that may exist in the mind of a patient. First, the safety of the treatment is always the key. Doubt of whether the treatment will have positive impact on the disease is another area where clinical trial is used as an instrument of educating patients. Patients always do consider undergoing clinical trial if the drug will cure their various diseases. Clinical trial majorly is based on launching a new treatment that is better than the already existing drug. Informing a patient about the better drug is a form of education that can be brought about by clinical trials. Informing a patient about the beneficiary of the drug is another form of education. Patients do consider clinical trial if the new treatment fits them best. Therefore, Clinical Trial can be used as a tool to educate patients by informing them on the terms and conditions of the new treatment. Clinical trials have sections which are educational to the patients. These sections include: how clinical trial works, its types, phases of clinical trials, eligible patient, the overseer of the clinical trial as well as the right of a participant of the clinical trial

Impact of Epidemiological Studies on the General Population

Epidemiology studies have been of importance to the general population in various ways. One, epidemiologists has been placed at a position to discover the relationship between the disease and the chemical exposure. As a result, effective measure has been put in place to ensure that the affected populations are helped in the best way possible against the disease.  Appropriate clinical research has helped the general population to know on how to prevent and cure epidemical disease within their economic status.

Importance of Investigations on a Worldwide, National and Local Level

Investigations on worldwide, national and local level have lots of advantages. For example, investigations at different levels help in coming up with different kinds of study in epidemiological designs as well as the statistical assessment methods. Second, investigations carried out at different levels highlights various geographical areas that need certain kind of studies. Investigations on a worldwide, national and local level helps in identifying different types of cancer and the health outcomes of mortality and morbidity. Additionally, investigations help in revealing characteristics of different population.  Various areas have specific mortality and cancer incidences, this approach can only be arrived at if investigations are done at different levels. Last but not least, investigations also help in coming up with various approaches to be used in overcoming the epidemical disease.

Policy and Cost Issues That May Surround the Investigations into Populations

There are various policy and cost issues that engulf investigations in any population setup. Government policies are one of the factors that determine investigations in a given geographical area. These policies are rules and regulations that investigators have to adhere to while carrying out research in various geographical areas. Human rights are also another policy to be put into consideration. No persons should be compelled to engage in any research unwillingly. In terms of cost, it’s either the body that carries out investigation caters for the expenses or their various sponsors. 

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