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Obesity in the USA
Innovation and development of the modern society simplifies human life. Business and high life tempo leads lessening free time that people can spend on food preparing. As a result, the great variety of fast food restaurants increase that results in obesity. It becomes a really significant problem for the American nation. Various factors affect the development of obesity: stresses, hormonal mishaps, or unhealthy way of life. The growing number of fast food restaurant boosts the increasing percentage of the level of obesity among population. Collecting important data is a major part of the research. Its specific goal is to correlate the number of people who suffer from obesity and the number of fast food restaurants per a country. The two states are compared: the one with the highest rate (Mississippi) and the lowest rate (Colorado).
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The Importance of Parks and Recreational Facilities in Struggle with Obesity
One of the significant reasons of growing obesity is a large number of little everyday activity. Modern technologies provide the population with entertaining programs via television or internet. Young and old people can remain sitting on the sofa and observing their favorite football match, show or movie. Less number of people population prefer active way of life.
The lack of park and recreational facilities plays important role in this aspect. According to the survey, the correlation to parks and recreational facilities to lack of physical activity and fast food restaurants per 10,000 people per state, it is stated that for Colorado the percentage is 3.4%; meanwhile for Mississippi, it is 3.8%. The rate of non-physical activity is 17.9% and 38.1% respectively. In spite of this unsatisfied fact, the authorities and communities take steps in overcoming the problem.
Being considered the leanest state in the entire country, the government of Colorado spend a lot of budget income to remain on the top. The infrastructure of communities is designed or redesigned to encourage bicycling or walking. A lot of attention is paid to the children safety: to encourage them and ensure their parents walking or cycling to school securely. Community gardens and parks are created, as the connection with the natural environment influences positively on growing generation, making them closer to the nature and accustoming to active lifestyle.
According to Mississippi Action Plan to overcome obesity in 2015, it is stated that the public green spaces (parks, play fields, community gardens, trails) are encouraged to developed and maintained in all neighborhoods. They will enlarge the possibility of physical activity for all members. In addition, walkable safe travel options for cycling, using assistive device, or walking are designed.
Overall, the actions to make the nation healthy are taken in both states equally effective. They are comfortable and safe. However, it depends on inhabitants of the community to take part in struggle with obesity or remain indifferent.
Obesity in Rural and Urban Areas
The lean state, Colorado, presents that the obesity rate is often higher in the rural than in the urban areas. More than 700, 000 people inhabit rural territories of the state. It comprises 75% of the entire area of Colorado. Regarding Mississippi, the state faces the same problem as Colorado. The survey shows that the percentage of the rural population suffering from obesity is 16.5%, meanwhile, for the urban inhabitants this rate is 14.4%.
Consequently, the rural territories are considered to lack health service. Moreover, the population is endangered because of high rate of suicide, tobacco and alcohol consuming, uninsured number of citizens, etc. The index is important as there is a crucial difference between the rural and urban population. There is the diversity in accessing amenities between them, which may influence the health and the percentage of obesity.
Racial and Financial Inclination to Obesity
Rather often obesity is associated with income or education. The scientists state that the number of people with a high school diploma is one-third. Compering with those who graduate from college, this index is one-fifth. Regarding income, one-third of people who earn yearly $15, 000 are obese, meanwhile there is one-quarter of those who make $50, 000 yearly. Consequently, there is a clear connection between poverty and obesity. It results in the price of food and services population may afford. Those with less income live in worse neighborhoods without proper sidewalks, playgrounds and amenities that may foster exercising and healthy lifestyle.
Since the population of the United States of America is multicultural, variety of inhabitants comprise the country. The correlation between the level of obesity and the race is represented in the national data. According to survey, the highest percentage of obesity is among Black and Hispanic women: 82 and 77.2% respectively. Meanwhile, White females suffer less form the disease, with the rate of 63.2%. The growing tendency of the obesity is higher among the women, especially among Black ones, than the men (8.3% to 4.4%).
Considering men, the higher rate is among Hispanic men (78.6%). For Black and White males, the percentage is 69.2% and 71.4% respectively.
Obesity is another challenge for human beings. However, it may be the price, they pay, for the progress and development. Concluding, obesity varies from race to race and gender as well as the rural or urban inhabitance. Additionally, the level of income among population results in overwheighting as it presents different lifestyles, amenities, and education. As a result, urban life with high wages may lessen the level of disease.
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